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Type 2 diabetes is the most prevalent form of the illness, affecting 85-90% of all diabetics. More and more younger...
Type 2 diabetes is the most prevalent form of the illness, affecting 85-90% of all diabetics. More and more younger people, and even children, are being diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, so it’s logical that diagnosing type 2 diabetes would be the priority.
Type 1 diabetes, although much less common, is just as dangerous, if not more so. Aside from being less common and more lethal, type 1 diabetes is also more difficult to diagnose. That’s why researchers at Stanford University have invented a microchip that diagnoses type 1 diabetes in mere minutes.
The microchip in question uses a fluorescence-based method to detect antibodies in the blood. A special coating of nano-goldplates increases the fluorescent response, after which doctors can identify the antibodies, and by extension the diabetes, faster.
“With the new test, not only do we anticipate being able to diagnose diabetes more efficiently and more broadly, we will also understand diabetes better—both the natural history and how new therapies impact the body,” said lead author of the microchip study, Dr Brian Feldman.
The chips themselves will cost about $20 and have a lifetime of 15 uses. They use a droplet of blood from a fingertip prick and are awaiting FDA approval before going into full manufacture.