Weekly email of our best stuff
Hello and welcome to contact us page at eProfits
How can we help you today?
“The War to End All Wars“ is a term that history books often use about World War I. It was a term coined by aut...
“The War to End All Wars“ is a term that history books often use about World War I. It was a term coined by author H.G. Wells shortly after the war broke out in 1914. This naive term is now looked upon with great irony and sarcasm.
Despite the fact that several other horrific 20th-century conflicts would ensue, the war waged during WWI was extreme. The scale of massive destruction it brought eclipsed all other previous wars. It was a struggle between Europe's great powers of the era, polarized into two major alliances, and eventually spread all over the world. WWI lasted four years and three months and its outcome was devastating: it redrew the world map and destroyed four empires – Russian, German, Austro-Hungarian and Ottoman. When the fighting was over in 1918, no one could count the casualties, but it was estimated that 10 million soldiers were killed on the battlefields, while 30 million were wounded.
Further, it spawned characters -- like Lenin, Stalin, and the as-of-yet unknown and insignificant German Corporal by the name of Adolph Hitler -- that would play significant roles in the years to come, and shape the histories and fates of millions of people. The more appropriate term would be “The War That Never Ended,” as this war was a direct cause of WWII and we still live with its unresolved consequences. WWI started on the 28th of June, 1914, when a young Serbian student, Gavrilo Princip, shot Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary in the city of Sarajevo. The world would never be the same again.
1.More than 65 million people from 30 countries fought during WWI. The number of casualties reached 10 million. The Allies (G.Britain, France, Italy, Russia) lost 6 million while the Central Powers (Germany, Austro-Hungary, Turkey) lost 4 million.
2.WWI was an era of production for new weapons. Most of the weapons that today's armies use were built or modelled during WWI, from flamethrowers, submarines, chemical weapons and tanks to machine guns.
3.During the war, British tanks were divided into two categories: male and female. Male tanks had cannons and the females were equipped with heavy machine guns.
4. In the beginning the tanks were called “landships.” In an attempt to disguise them as water storage tanks the Brits began calling them “tanks.”
5.Both sides used dogs as messengers. They carried messages and orders to commanding officers at the front lines attached to their bodies. Dogs were even used to lay telegraph wires.
6.All of the explosives and arms that were used during WWI produced tremendous noise. The artillery barrage that was used to break down German lines in 1917 in Belgium was heard in London, over 200 km away.
7.The most successful and celebrated fighter during WWI was pilot Rittmeister von Richthofen, better known as the Red Baron. He was the most feared and admired warrior on both sides and flew in a blazing red airplane, shooting down plane after plane. The Baron shot down 80 planes which was not only the best rate during WWI, but of all time.
8. A Dutch exotic dancer by the name of Margaretha Zelle, but better known as Mata Hari, was accused by the French of being a double agent despite her denial. She was executed in 1917.
9. A day before he died, French Lieutenant Alfred Joubarie wrote the following in his diary about WWI: “Humanity is mad! It must be mad to do what it is doing. What a massacre. What scenes of horror and carnage! I cannot find words to translate my impressions. Hell cannot be so terrible! Men are mad!”
10. Many Americans disagreed with the United States’ refusal to enter the war and they volunteered in the French Foreign Army or the Canadian and British armies.The US pilots formed the Lafayette Escadrille and became one of the top fighting units on the Western front.
11.President Woodrow Wilson's campaign slogan for his second term was, “He kept us out of war.” Only a month after he took over the second term, on the 6th of April, 1916, the United States declared war on Germany.
12. T.E. Lawrence, better known as Lawrence of Arabia, was a British intelligence officer who worked for Allied Intelligence in the Middle East. He led the Arab revolt against the Turks and the events from those days were detailed in his book, “The Seven Pillars of Wisdom.” He was immortalized on screen by Peter O' Toole.
13. World War I was fought on every ocean and on almost every continent. Most of the fights and battles took place in Europe.
14. The first country to use chemical weapons was France. In August 1914, they used tear gas grenades against the Germans.
15. Native Americans were not granted citizenship until 1924 by the US government, but that didn't prevent 13,000 of them from serving in the army and fighting.
16. WWI launched the United States as the largest military power in the world.
17. Post WWI literature includes classics such as Hemingway’s “A Farewell to Arms,” Remarque’s “All Quiet on the Western Front,” T.S. Eliot’s “The Waste Land,” and Wilfred Owen’s poem, “Anthem for Doomed Youth,” to name a few.
18. Germany used Zeppelins to bomb Britain. On the other hand, German troops shot and killed 150 civilians at Aerschot. Theirs was part of war policy known as Schrecklichkeit (“frightfulness”). For the first time civilians were primary targets.
19.Apart from innovations in weapon production, WWI helped hasten medical advances.
20. The Treaty of Versailles stated that Germany had started World War I. All of the victors took territories from Germany and in 1921 the reparations Committee decided that Germany had to pay $33 billion as compensation. These decisions left Germany impoverished and humiliated, and these were causes of World War II.